Minnesota Prairie Roots

Writing and photography by Audrey Kletscher Helbling

Plans underway to repurpose an historic treatment center in Fergus Falls June 19, 2013

Daylight was fading as I snapped this photo of the anchor building on the former Fergus Falls State Hospital campus.

Daylight was fading as I snapped this photo of the anchor building on the former Fergus Falls State Hospital/Regional Treatment Center campus in mid May.

FROM THE EXTERIOR, the sprawling former Fergus Falls State Hospital/Regional Treatment Center presents an impressive and serene presence.

The historic buildings feature some incredible architecture.

The historic buildings feature some incredible architecture.

That marked my initial reaction upon viewing the towering, turreted and massive buildings on this west central Minnesota campus in mid May.

But I expect that the historical use of this place would tell a different story. In 1885, the State of Minnesota commissioned this as the Third State Asylum for the Mentally Ill. The word “asylum,” for me, evokes negativity. Eventually, the complex would also be home to those with developmental disabilities, chemical dependency issues and psychiatric illnesses.

One can only imagine the personal struggles and challenges faced within these walls. In those early days, I imagine treatment was not always the best or the most informed. I do not know this specific to the Fergus Falls center, only from my general knowledge of such large-scale public facilities of decades past.

Eventually, those who lived here were moved into smaller community-based facilities.

Wings connect to the main building.

Wings connect to the main building. These buildings are labeled as Kirkbride buildings after Pennsylvania psychiatrist Dr. Thomas Story Kirkbride who believed in the role of environment in promoting healing among mentally ill individuals.

Today the City of Fergus Falls still owns most of this campus, purchased in 2007. And just last week, according to draft city council minutes published on the city’s website, the Fergus Falls City Council passed a resolution “authorizing the city to enter into a Letter of Intent with Historic Kirkbride LLC as a developer for the Regional Treatment Center, subject to financial disclosure…”  Historic Kirkbride’s estimated $41 million proposal calls for a 120-room first class hotel, several restaurants and 60 market rate apartments.

The planned development is expected to bring temporary construction jobs and an estimated 190 full and part-time positions to Fergus Falls.

Even the individual brick buildings impress.

Even the individual brick buildings impress.

The Kirkbride proposal seems an ambitious undertaking, but one worthy of this beautiful complex of architecturally pleasing buildings and an equally pleasing natural environment. Principals of the Kirkbride team bring experience to the Fergus Falls project with more than two dozen historic renovation projects completed over 33 years, according to presenter Ray Wiley of Georgia-based Historic Properties Inc.

Of course, as in all such projects involving historic buildings and lots of money and government entities and private investors, this isn’t a done deal. If all progresses as planned, though, the 120-room hotel, restaurants, apartments and more are projected to open in December 2015.

From the exterior, I can envision these detailed brick buildings as dorm rooms or housing for a retreat center or even as apartment units.

The complex includes a cluster of two-story brick buildings.

I expect plenty of skepticism exists over whether the planned project presents the best use of the property, will succeed, or will even get off the ground.

The Kirkbride proposal was one of two presented to the council last week. The other, from Twin Cities-based Colonade Design Group, proposed a wellness center serving those dealing with diabetes and obesity (and included a food and nutrition program); a hotel for participants; artisan flats and studios; services for returning veterans; condos; event space; greenhouses; and more.

Click here to read details of the two proposals, public input and more from the June 12 special city council meeting.

Based on my two visits to Fergus Falls in recent years, the Historic Kirkbride project certainly has the potential to succeed. For one, this Otter Tail County seat city sits along Interstate 94, an ideal location to catch travelers in need of a respite. It’s the last sizable town westbound motorists pass before reaching Fargo an hour away. That, though, is not enough.

The community possesses an artsy vibe with galleries and a theatre and historic buildings and arts events in a charming downtown that hugs the Otter Tail River. It’s a college town with Minnesota State Community and Technical College and is also a regional center of commerce and of healthcare.

Developers will need to market those strengths, the historical aspect of the former treatment center, and the natural scenic beauty of this lake region. That’s a given.

Future guests will need to envision Kirkbride’s hotel as a get-away because, otherwise, this will be just one more hotel (albeit an historic one classified as “first class”) in one more town along the interstate.

WHAT ARE YOUR THOUGHTS on Historic Kirkbride’s plans for the former Fergus Falls State Hospital/Regional Treatment Center? Can something like this succeed in Fergus Falls?

The sun sets on this beautiful campus of trees and open space.

The sun sets on this beautiful campus.

FYI: The Fergus Falls complex is open for free public tours on Friday afternoons during the summer. Reservations are required. Phone Maxine and Gene Schmidt at (218) 736-5328. I was, unfortunately, not in Fergus Falls on a Friday afternoon and unaware then of the tours offered.

Click here to read Colliers International listing of the property.

Then click here to read information on the Minnesota Historical Society website.

And click here to find even more info.

© Copyright 2013 Audrey Kletscher Helbling

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16 Responses to “Plans underway to repurpose an historic treatment center in Fergus Falls”

  1. M. Hatzel Says:

    I live in a Weyburn, Saskatchewan now, the former home to one of North America’s largest asylums. The buildings were torn down a year before we moved here, after being neglected for quite some time. During the 90 years that the grounds existed travellers came from all over the prairies to see them–in their day it was a kind of oasis of flowers and trees on the bald prairie.

    The small city of Moose Jaw Saskatchewan revived its economy with a town-wide tourist development plan that began with the discovery of tunnels under the historic buildings of the town. In summer the city hosts tours and interactive costumed storytelling, building on rumours that the tunnels were connected to Al Capone and Chicago gangsters. The city is undergoing historical renovation and is packed full of shops and nice cafes, and hosts a variety of arts and literary events throughout the year; it’s a great place to visit.

    I think there is hope for Fergus Falls and it’s development plan.

    • Audrey Kletscher Helbling Says:

      Thanks for your insights into what has been done in Canada. I like that oasis approach. Once west of Fergus Falls, the landscape is pretty much prairie.

  2. Beautiful – just do not make buildings like this anymore and cannot imagine the maintanence to keep it up to code and running too – thanks so much for sharing! Have a Great Day:)

    • Audrey Kletscher Helbling Says:

      That’s the thing–they just do not construct buildings like this anymore.

      • I think it would work if done in the best way to serve the community and its needs to repurpose and revitalize a campus of this size. I look at it as its own living community with permanent residences, hotel or resort, shops, restaurants, art, etc. to give it that sense of belonging to the community. People will come to enjoy if it meets their needs and adds to the community.

      • Audrey Kletscher Helbling Says:

        I expect you are correct. Initially, as I understand it, the city had hoped the two groups proposing development could work together on the project. But that did not happen. I really did like the part of Colannades’ proposal which included the arts.

  3. Jackie Says:

    I just really like that building Audrey, I’m in love with the 1st and 3rd photo’s…. you always seems to find the coolest places, I need me a “road trip” real soon. Thanks for sharing, I hope what ever happens, the building remains intact and used for the good of Fergus Falls.

    • Audrey Kletscher Helbling Says:

      I know what you mean. I need a good road trip, too, or even a Sunday afternoon drive, meandering wherever. It’s been too long. I knew about this complex in Fergus Falls before going there and we were fortunate enough to happen upon it. I wish I would have had more time to snoop and peer in windows and take more photos. But the sun was setting and time was limited.

  4. hotlyspiced Says:

    It’s certainly a very impressive looking building but with an eerie past (sort of reminds me of the goings on at One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest). I do hope whoever develops it breaths fresh life into the place and that the building that is of historical significance is restored with dignity xx

    • Audrey Kletscher Helbling Says:

      I’m confident that the former treatment center will be restored with dignity. If I remember correctly, a mini museum honoring the past usage of this place is part of the plan.

  5. Beth Ann Says:

    What a neat complex!!! If those walls could talk, right? I am hopeful for the future of this historic place—any use of it would be fabulous to maintain the beauty of the campus. I love when old buildings are repurposed for new use. Great glimpse into the possible future of a neat place!

    • Audrey Kletscher Helbling Says:

      It’s been a long time in coming to get a plan in place for this complex in Fergus Falls. I, too, support reuse of these old buildings whenever possible. Not so many decades ago, all too many communities tore down old buildings in the name of progress, or whatever.

  6. Brian T Says:

    This hospital is such a majestic building overlooking Fergus falls. I have always wanted to go inside and imagine it being very haunting. Thank you for sharing your photos and the tips for Friday tours!


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